AskDefine | Define generosity

Dictionary Definition

generosity

Noun

1 the trait of being willing to give your money or time [syn: generousness] [ant: stinginess]
2 acting generously [syn: unselfishness]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

See etymology section in generous

Noun

  1. the trait of being willing to give your money and/or time
    • 1963: Erik H. Erikson, Childhood and Society
      We have mentioned generosity as an outstanding virtue required in Sioux life.
  2. acting generously
  3. the trait of being more than adequate
  4. good breeding; nobility of stock
  5. a generous act
    • 1873: Reverend M. C. Tyler, Proceedings at the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Sage College of the Cornell University
      May the generosities of the founders of these halls, be rewarded by the fair and holy characters which shall be here formed....

Translations

the trait of being willing to give your money and/or time
acting generously
the trait of being more than adequate
  • German: Großmut
  • Hungarian: bőség
  • Italian: abbondanza
good breeding; nobility of stock
  • German: Edelmut
  • Hungarian: nemesség
a generous act

Extensive Definition

Generosity is the habit of giving. Often equated with charity as a virtue, generosity is widely accepted in society as a desirable habit.
In times of natural disaster, relief efforts are frequently provided, voluntarily, by individuals or groups acting unilaterally in making gifts of time, resources, goods, money, etc.
Generosity is a guiding principle for many registered charities, foundations and non-profit organizations.
Generosity can also be spending time, money, or labour, for others, without being rewarded in return.
Although the term generosity often goes hand-in-hand with charity, many people in the public's eye want recognition for their good deeds. Donations are needed to support organizations and committees, however, generosity should not be limited to times of great need such as natural disasters and extreme situations.
Generosity is not solely based on one's economic status, but instead, includes the individual's pure intentions of looking out for society's common good and giving from the heart.Generosity should reflect the individual's passion to help others.
A common example of true generosity are many non-profit organizations. These organizations, whether small or large, provide free tools, supplies, and endure hours of work to improve conditions and give to less fortunate people.
Recent neuroscientific research has shown that generosity is primarily associated with empathy, rather than with cognitive mechanisms. In this research, by Paul J. Zak and colleagues and published in Public Library of Science ONE, the peptide oxytocin or placebo was given to about 100 men and then they made several decisions regarding money. One, the Dictator Game, was used to measure altruism by asking people to make a unilateral transfer of $10 they were given by the experimenters to a stranger in the lab; oxytocin had no effect on altruism.
Another task, the Ultimatum Game was used to measure generosity. In this game, one person was endowed with $10 and was asked to offer some split of it to another person in the lab, all done by computer. If the second person did not like the split, he could reject it (for example, if it was stingy) and both people would get zero. In a clever twist, the researchers told participants they would be randomly chosen to be either the person making the offer or the person responding to it. This required the person making the offer to take the other's perspective explicitly. Generosity was defined as an offer greater than the minimum amount needed for acceptance. Oxytocin increased generosity 80% compared to those on placebo. In addition, oxytocin was quantitatively twice as important in predicting generosity as was altruism.
Zak and colleagues argue that oxytocin is a physiologic signature for empathy, and that this research shows that much of generosity is driven by empathy or more generally, by emotions.
generosity in Spanish: Generosidad
generosity in Norwegian: Gavmildhet
generosity in Portuguese: Generosidade
generosity in Russian: Щедрость (мультфильм)
generosity in Swedish: Generositet
generosity in Ukrainian: Щедрість

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

BOMFOG, Benthamism, Christian charity, Christian love, abundance, affluence, agape, altruism, amiability, ample sufficiency, ampleness, amplitude, avalanche, beneficence, benevolence, benevolent disposition, benevolentness, bigheartedness, bigness, bonanza, bonhomie, bounteousness, bountifulness, bountiousness, bounty, brotherly love, bumper crop, caritas, charitableness, charity, chivalrousness, chivalry, copiousness, cordiality, do-goodism, easy purse strings, elevation, errantry, exaltation, extravagance, exuberance, fertility, flood, flow, flower power, foison, free hand, freedom, freehandedness, freeheartedness, freeness, friendliness, full measure, fullness, generousness, geniality, giving, givingness, goodwill, grace, graciousness, great abundance, great heart, great plenty, greatheartedness, greatness, greatness of heart, gush, heartiness, heroism, high-mindedness, hospitableness, hospitality, humanitarianism, idealism, knight-errantry, knightliness, landslide, largeheartedness, largeness, largess, lavishness, liberality, liberalness, loftiness, lots, love, love of mankind, luxuriance, magnanimity, magnanimousness, maximum, more than enough, much, munificence, myriad, myriads, neighborliness, nobility, noble-mindedness, nobleness, numerousness, open door, open hand, open heart, openhandedness, openheartedness, opulence, opulency, outpouring, overflow, philanthropism, philanthropy, plenitude, plenteousness, plentifulness, plenty, prevalence, princeliness, prodigality, productiveness, profuseness, profusion, quantities, receptiveness, repleteness, repletion, rich harvest, rich vein, richness, riot, riotousness, scads, shower, spate, stream, sublimity, substantiality, substantialness, superabundance, teemingness, unselfishness, utilitarianism, warmheartedness, warmness, warmth, wealth, welcome, welfarism, well-disposedness
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